Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory skin condition that can affect individuals of any age, regardless of gender or ethnicity.
The skin, especially that of the face, is dense with sebaceous glands that through the pores secrete sebum, thus allowing, thanks to this oily substance, the maintenance of moist and protected skin, therefore healthy.
In some cases excess sebum can occlude some pores, forming a kind of plug, called a blackhead, or a small cyst, creating underneath an ideal environment for bacteria and microbes, including proponibacterium acnes, responsible for inflammation of the sebaceous glands.
Acne affects about 85 percent of adolescents, but it also affects the adult population, so much so that 25 percent of the adult male population and 50 percent of the female population suffer from the condition at some point in their lives.
Acne is seen as a pathology when the extent is considerable, with serious and important consequences on the patient’s physiognomy, with the danger of scarring and hyperpigmentation as an end result of the evolution of the disease.